Home arrow The Philippines arrow History
History Print E-Mail
Written by Webmaster   
Tuesday, 21 November 2006

Philippine History Timeline

1565

“The Galleon Trade” between Mexico and the Philippines begins under Felipe de Salcedo

1568

First Filipino-Spanish Treaty of sovereignty and friendship

1570

Spanish conquest of Manila

1571

Manila is proclaimed as the capital of the Philippines

1572

Direct trading connections with China are opened

1577

Franciscans arrive in the Philippines in order to convert the Bicol region into Christianity

1587

Start of the imposition of the tribute system to Spain

1583

The Spanish Supreme Court helds first session in Manila

Jesuits arrive in the Philippines in order to convert eastern Visayas, Cebu, Bohol, Leyte, and Mindanao to Christianity

1593

Êstablishment of the first printing press which also published the first book “Doctrina Christian en Lengua Espanola y Tagala” in the same year

1609

The Recollects arrive in the Philippines in order to convert northern Mindanao, Zambales, Palawan into Christianity

1611

Founding of University of Santo Tomas (UST), the oldest university in the Philippines

1621

The “Colegio de Manila” is made the “Univesidad de San Ignacio” by Pope Gregory XV and in 1623 is made a royal university by Philipp IV of Spain

1647

The Dutch besieged the Spanish in the Battle of Puerto de Cavite

1649

Beginning of calamitous period of Muslim raids against the Spaniards

1660-1661

Uprising against Spanish authorities led by Maniago in Pampanga and by Malong in Pangasinan

1662

Chinese Koxinga overrans and takes Formosa; sends Dominician friars as his envoy to Manila

1718

Spaniards return to Zamboanga and provoke Muslims

1762

The British East India Company seizes Manila

1763

The Treaty of Paris returns Manila to Spain

1763-1764

British Occupation of Manila

1768

Following the Suppression of the Jesuits, the members of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines are expelled – they surrender their properties to Spanish authorities

1781

Establishment of the tobacco monopoly

1785

Establishment of the “Real Compania de Filipinas” which reoriented the entire commercial system of the Philippines

1788

Birth of the writer Francisco Balagtas

1834

Opening of Manila to world trade

1844

The Gregorian calendar and the giving of Spanish surnames are introduced by Governor-General Claveria

1865

The Augustinian missionaries pioneered the propagation of the Catholic faith in the Philippines

1872

Three Filipino Priests, Gomez, Burgos, and Zamora are executed which signals the start of the Philippine Revolutionary Period

1945

US liberation of Manila from Japanese forces

Passage of the Bell Trade Relations Act which provided for free trade relations between the Philippines and the United States

1946

Passage of the Tydings Rehabilitation Act which completed the Bell Trade Relations Act

Proclamation of Philippine independence from the U.S.

Roxas is elected as the first president of the Philippines

1947

Military Assistance Pact concluded between the Philippines and the US

1948

Quirino is elected as president

1949

Inauguration of Central Bank of the Philippines

1951

Signing of the Mutual Defense Treaty between the Philippines and the US “to defend themselves against armed attack”

1953

Election of Ramon Magsaysay as President

1954

Passage of the Retail Trade Nationalization Act which took effect on June 18, 1964

Signing of the South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) or Manila Pact

1956

Passage of the Laurel-Langley Agreement which gave parity rights to the Americans

1958

Adoption of the “Filipino First Policy”

1965

Ferdinand Marcos elected as president

1969

Marcos wins second term

1972

Marcos declares Martial Law

Last Updated ( Thursday, 19 April 2007 )